This summer, escape to a place that has been treasured for generations; a place where you can feel welcome amidst luxury, while being surrounded by family-friendly affordability. Enjoy the natural wonder of 47 miles of beaches, the charm and history of America’s First Resort Destination®, and discover culinary treasures as you create memories with the ones you love.
From eco-adventures to shopping, free attractions to world-class resorts and spas, families inclusive of toddlers to grandparents can experience it all – together – in The Palm Beaches. Below are just a few of the attractions, events and savings that await you this summer in The Palm Beaches:
Boca Children’s Museum – Boca Raton, FL
Among the first such museums to be created in Florida, The Boca Raton Children’s Museum is today the oldest in existence in the state, having remained true to its original intent and function. Housed in the historic “Singing Pines,” circa 1913, this timeless cultural and educational attraction offers activity centers, exhibits, classes and special events.
Blueline Surf & Paddle Co. – Jupiter, FL
Described as a surf boutique for the modern waterman, Blueline specializes in anything water. Standup paddle boarding, surfing and body surfing are among the many offerings. From rentals, to clothing and gear for the entire family, the shop has you covered.
Boomers – Boca Raton, FL
Boomers is a fun-filled attraction that provides many different activities. Everyone is guaranteed to have a great time with so many choices. From arcade games and mini-golf to laser tag, you will never run out of things to do.
Busch Wildlife Sanctuary – Jupiter, FL
This unique wildlife sanctuary offers visitors a one-of-a-kind opportunity to learn about Florida’s wildlife and natural environments. See bald eagles, deer, panthers, bob cats and even black bears as you stroll through the sanctuary’s many trails. The unique refuge combines a nature center with a wildlife hospital.
Frank Theatres CineBowl & Grille – Delray Beach, FL
This entertainment venue features state-of-the-art movie theatre auditoriums, complete with luxury seating and reclining chairs, large-screen formats such as IMAX and Frank Entertainment’s own Xtreme Screen, FDX. In addition to the theatre, patrons can also enjoy full-service dining, and boutique-style bowling lanes with VIP party areas. A Jupiter, Fla. location is coming soon.
Daggerwing Nature Center – Boca Raton, FL
Palm Beach County’s award-winning park system offers the widest possible range of leisure opportunities. More than 8,000 acres of parkland are available for you to discover. Sports, fitness, environmental and cultural opportunities abound, as well as restful places for solitude. Low-cost, often free, Palm Beach County’s park system offers an affordable getaway!
Revolutions Bowling, Bar & Grille – West Palm Beach, FL
Situated in Downtown West Palm Beach’s CityPlace, the 35,000 square foot entertainment center features a Stadium sports amphitheater, 20 boutique style bowling lanes and a full redemption video arcade.
Palm Beach Ice Works – West Palm Beach, FL
Palm Beach Ice Works is South Florida’s newest skating facility. This Olympic-size ice facility is primarily dedicated as a training center for the serious figure skater and hockey player, but the center also offers public skating at specified calendar times. The facility is located minutes from the Palm Beach International Airport, and includes a jump and stretch room as well as a full workout facility.
Palm Beach Skate Zone – Lake Worth, FL
Palm Beach Skate Zone is South Florida’s premier ice and roller skating center, conveniently located just off the Florida Turnpike. With 75,000 square feet of fun, the center offers two ice skating rinks, one roller rink, an arcade and two cafes. The center also offers a variety of programs, including public skating sessions, hockey and skating classes, camps and more.
Putt’n Around Miniature Golf – Delray Beach, FL
Touting two different courses and 36 holes of mini golf, this handicap-accessible course also offers an indoor air-conditioned entertainment area with food, beer and wine options. The course offers mini-golf fun with a beach theme, with fish statues, seashells, a mermaid and even life-sized alligators—that won’t bite! Be sure to see the award-winning botanical garden, which showcases plants native to the Everglades.
Diva Duck Tours – West Palm Beach, FL
Taking families from land to sea and back since 2002, Diva Duck Tours provides a lively, narrated 75-minute tour of historic sites. The amphibious vehicle drives you through Downtown West Palm Beach, then boats down the Intracoastal Waterway with a look at luxurious mansions on Palm Beach Island. The tour is sure to keep you “quacking” with its humorous, duck-related jokes.
Dubois House – Jupiter, FL
The grand re-opening of DuBois Pioneer Home to the public is expected in early March. The home, built in 1898 on an ancient shell midden, is classified under the National Register of Historical Places. The home will be open for complimentary docent-led tours on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. The historic home is located in Jupiter’s DuBois Park.
Fun Depot – Lake Worth, FL
With a mission to deliver a fun, unique, and memorable family experience through high quality service and constant innovation, Fun Depot offers families a safe, clean, and wholesome family environment. Families can enjoy arcade games, batting cages, laser tag, go karts and more.
Gumbo Limbo Nature Center – Boca Raton, FL
Offering 20 acres of protected barrier island, this center prides itself in sea turtle conservation. The center serves as a beacon for the protection of the natural environment and wildlife resources. Visitors can enjoy a nature center, butterfly garden, boardwalk trail and outdoor marine aquariums, as well as special programs.
John D. MacArthur Beach State Park – North Palm Beach, FL
The Park has 438 acres of natural environments situated between the Atlantic Ocean and the Lake Worth Lagoon. The land includes seven species of plants, and twenty-two species of animals designated as endangered or threatened. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation contributed funds to help develop the park and nature center during its early years. Offering a unique mix of coastal and tropical hammock and mangrove forests, this barrier island provides a haven for several rare or endangered plant species. In the Nature Center, families can find out more about the marine life and estuary eco-system, all while learning in a fun and engaging manner.
Jupiter Lanes – Jupiter, FL
This bowling center offers 60 state-of-the-art bowling lanes, a video arcade, full service food court, sports bar, billiards and outdoor Tiki Bar, and is located in the heart of the Town of Jupiter, with easy access from Florida’s Turnpike and Interstate 95. Friday and Saturday nights feature a “Danc’n Bowl” from 9 p.m. to midnight, with a live emcee offering games and prizes for strikes and special pin shots.
Jupiter Outdoor Center – Jupiter, FL
From lessons and rentals to fishing and camps, Jupiter Outdoor Center can help you and your family enjoy the great outdoors. Hop in a kayak, canoe or stand on a paddleboard, and venture in to the beautiful Jupiter waterways. Snorkel gear is also available.
Lighthouse Cove Adventure Mini Golf – Jupiter, FL
Jupiter’s premier miniature golf experience is located on A1A, just one block from the beach. This facility offers 36 exciting holes to play, premium burgers, local craft beers, and hand-spun milkshakes at The Burger Shack at Lighthouse Cove, along with 16 flavors of delicious ice cream at 3 Scoops. This attraction offers amusement for kids and adults of all ages.
Lion Country Safari – West Palm Beach, FL
Become a part of the herd at Florida’s only drive-through safari adventure, Lion Country Safari. Spend the day on safari with more than 900 animals, including Little Mama, the oldest living chimpanzee on record. Meet and feed giraffes, come face-to-face with lions and admire the largest herd of zebra outside of Africa. With animal displays and encounters, animal feeding experiences, five rides, food, shopping and more, you are sure to have a memorable experience at Lion Country Safari.
Loggerhead Marinelife Center – Juno Beach, FL
This unique center provides the chance to see endangered sea turtles and other marine life up close. As a rehabilitation center for injured sea turtles, visitors have the opportunity to learn about Florida marine life and the eco-system from the center’s experts. An on-site playground will help keep children entertained for hours, or your family can walk across the street to the picturesque Juno Beach.
Manatee Lagoon – Riviera Beach, FL
Meet the iconic Florida manatee in this new, free educational attraction, which has a dedicated area for viewing the sea cows up close . The 16,000-square-foot center features engaging, hands-on exhibits for visitors to learn all about these endangered and unique creatures, as well as the natural wonders of the surrounding Lake Worth Lagoon. On cold winter days, the facility’s observation deck will be the ideal spot to view manatee herds basking in the warm-water outflows from Florida Power & Light Company’s adjacent Riviera Beach Next Generation Clean Energy Center.
Palm Beach Zoo – West Palm Beach, FL
Bring the family to get close to more than 500 animals from around the world, as you explore the 23 acres of lush, tropical habitat. Among some of the zoos most popular animals are endangered Malayan tigers, Mexican spider monkeys and powerful jaguars. Children can also enjoy Animal Shows, Interactive Play Fountain, Wildlife Carousel and Safari Train.
Palm Beach County (PBC) Parks and Recreation – available throughout Palm Beach County
With more than 70 parks, two waterparks and more than 8,000 acres of parkland, Palm Beach County Parks and Recreation has enough to keep you and your family entertained throughout the entire summer. By providing safe and affordable recreational experiences through parks, recreational facilities, welcoming parks, and enriching social and cultural experiences, PBC Parks and Recreation offers a vast offering when considering family-friendly activities. For a complete listing of parks, visit http://www.pbcgov.com/parks/locations/all.htm/#.Vss7lmf2bnM.
Rapids Waterpark – West Palm Beach, FL
Rapids Water Park is South Florida’s premiere family water park, featuring a full day of fun for the entire family. Make a splash in the cool blue waves, take a thrilling plunge down the waterslides or just relax and float around the lazy river. With more than 35 action-packed acres of attractions, the park includes a FlowRider body building experience, a 25,000- square foot wave pool, 1/4-mile lazy river and the most thrilling water slides in South Florida. Two more thrill rides will be added this year, one of which is the new Brain Drain, where adventure seekers enter a launch tube and wait for the bottom to drop out beneath them for a 300-foot-long tube slide. Lockers and cabana rentals are available at cost. Rapids re-opens for the 2016 season on March 12.
STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) – Jupiter, FL
STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) programing is picking up some steam and expanding to Jupiter, according to leadership at the South Florida Science Center and Aquarium, the local authority on informal science education. STEM Studio, an extension of the 55-year-old nonprofit venue in West Palm Beach, will open to the public in mid-February at 1209 Main St. Unit #112 in Downtown Abacoa. In partnership with Bricks 4 Kidz, the 2,000-square-foot space will serve as a social hub for educational enrichment. On Saturday, March 12, a free open house will celebrate the new space and satellite programming. STEM Studio is a collaborative community space managed by the Science Center and Bricks 4 Kidz. Both organizations, along with select community partners, will offer regular programming geared toward kids and families. The Science Center will host planetarium shows, camps, open play days, scheduled classes, “Parents Night Out” and much more.
Schoolhouse Children’s Museum & Learning Center – Boynton Beach, FL
Through interactive play, this Museum and learning center offers children a fun and stimulating way to learn art, music, the sciences and more. Children are able to have fun in a tech-free environment through free weekly programs, affordable education classes and specialty workshops.
Sol Children Theatre – Boca Raton, FL
This not-for-profit theatre organization is dedicated to providing children with a safe, secure and professional theatre experience. From musical performances to creative fairy tale classes and camps, the center helps children express themselves through emotion, movements and vocals as they grow an appreciation for the arts. The organization strives to keep ticket prices low to encourage audiences from all walks of life to experience live theatre.
Society of The Four Arts Children’s Library – Palm Beach, FL
Throughout the year, the Society of The Four Arts offer exhibitions of special interest to children in the Mary Alice Fortin Children’s Art Gallery at no charge for admission. Book borrowing and computer use is also made available, as is story time programs during season. While children explore the library, parents and grandparents can enjoy the allure of the botanical gardens, which are also free to the public and open seven days a week.
South Florida Science Center and Aquarium – West Palm Beach, FL
The facility features more than 50 hands-on educational exhibits, an upgraded, state-of-the-art planetarium, a new 1,000 square foot early childhood education room featuring a 16 foot long water play area, photo booth, seating area and a light bright art wall. Additional offerings include a new science laboratory for educational programs and an upgraded theatre. Children of all ages will enjoy the 3,000 square foot “Aquariums of the Atlantic” gallery, as well as a 3,000 square foot Everglades and conservation-themed permanent exhibit hall, and an outdoor Science Trail, complete with mini-golf, butterfly gardens and outdoor exhibits.
Sandoway House & Nature Center – Delray Beach, FL
The center offers visitors a glimpse into South Florida’s fragile marine and freshwater environments through educational exhibits and programs. With up-close encounters of some of Florida’s native and invasive reptile species, a coral reef pool with sharks, and Southeast Florida’s largest, private shell collection, this center truly offers a unique experience. The Sandoway House Nature Center is located in a historic 1936 beachfront home in Delray Beach, which is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Visit Palm Beach – West Palm Beach, FL & Singer Island, FL
Whether it’s cruising on a sunset catamaran or snorkeling at Peanut Island, Visit Palm Beach has enough activities to cover your family’s watersports needs. Jet ski rentals, kayaks and paddleboards are also available.
Cheeseburgers & More – Jupiter, FL
Providing great bar food classics and a family-friendly environment, Cheeseburgers & More provides you and your family with 7,000 square feet of game room space and an indoor play place. Let the kids play as you enjoy the full liquor sports bar and TV.
Coolbeans Indoor Café – Palm Beach Gardens, FL
Described as an enrichment center offering a variety of classes and special events, Cool Beans is designed to offer a stimulating environment for children and a relaxing, cozy oasis for adults thorough their indoor playground and cafe. The gourmet cafe serves healthy and fresh food items and specialty coffees around the clock, while a convenient schedule with open play time is available seven days a week.
Joey’s Outback Adventures – Wellington, FL
Wellington’s premier indoor playground offers a 14,000 square foot indoor recreation facility. With personalized activities and services for you and your children, their mission is to provide a safe, family-oriented environment for children’s entertainment while stimulating their social, intellectual and physical well-being. This indoor playground welcomes kids ten months to twelve years old to PLAY, LEARN and PARTY! From inflatable bounce houses with slides and mazes, to arcade games and kiddy rides, Joey’s Outdoor Adventures is sure to be a hit. For the “Big Roos” (adults), they offer free Wi-Fi, big screen TV’s, exercise equipment and “Joey’s Oasis” café, which serves up kid and adult favorites, along with specialty coffees, beer and wine.
Monkey Joe’s – Boca Raton, FL & Lake Worth, FL
Get your kids ready for bouncing, sliding, and jumping fun! Open to children twelve years and younger, parents can sit back, relax and enjoy the party while Monkey Joe’s provides the entertainment. With a fun-filled inflatable play center and a Mini Monkey Zone for toddler play, the center keeps your children your kids safe and secure in a clean and inviting environment. Walk-ins are welcome, and socks are required.
SUMMER HOTEL DEALS
Palm Beach Marriott Singer Island Beach Resort & Spa
Bring the family for an adventure that they will never forget with this resort’s Little Loggerhead Package and Explore our Reef Package. Both packages include an oceanfront suite at the AAA Four Diamond-rated resort, fully equipped with stainless steel appliances, granite countertops, private balconies, and an in-suite washer and dryer. The Kids Club caters to youngsters ages 4-12 with daily activities customized to ages and interests. On the “menu” are crafts, sports and seasonal adventures from sand art and hair braiding to water balloon games, treasure digs and sea shell expeditions. Sessions are 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. daily, with Parent’s Night Out on Fridays and Saturdays, 6 to 10 p.m., including dinner ($45). Plus, on Friday nights at 8 p.m. a Dive-In Movie is shown at the Lagoon Pool on the resort’s big screen. The resort’s condo-style suites make multigenerational family travel a (sea) breeze and a slew of on-site activities, award-winning resort spa and casual to fine dining options. More information can be found online at PalmBeachMarriottResort.com, or by calling 561-340-1700.
– The Little Loggerhead Package keeps the whole family busy with unlimited non-motorized watersports, tickets for two adults and two children to visit the sea turtles at Loggerhead Marine Life Center with a private tour of the facilities, and participation in the Adopt a Sea Turtle program, where guests will receive a certificate with the name of their adopted sea turtle. A portion of proceeds from the package is donated to Loggerhead Marine Life Center. This offer is valid May through August with prices starting at $284 per night.
– Adventurous guests ages 10 and older can search for turtles and other marine life with the Explore Our Reef Package, providing guests with snorkel masks and fins to experience the reef located right off the resort’s private beach. While kids enjoy the water, parents receive two signature cocktails upon arrival, and two beach chairs and umbrella daily to relax and unwind. This offer is valid May through August with prices starting at $309 per night.
Delray Beach Marriott Summer Special
Explore the uniqueness of Delray Beach’s quaint shops, local artisans and mouthwatering bistros just steps from the Delray Beach Marriott. Book your stay this summer, and receive breakfast daily and gain access to this Mediterranean oasis featuring a full-service spa, several on-site restaurants, and a resort style pool, all within a short drive visit museums, shopping, and endless outdoor activities. This offer is valid April 1 through September 30, with rates starting at $209.
Summer Savings at The Delray Breakers
Florida residents can save up to 15% off when booking their summer stay at The Delray Breakers. Valid Florida Identification will be required at check in. For those outside of Florida, savings can still be had if they are a AAA, CAA or AARP member. Proof of membership card will be required at check in.
Delray Sands Resort Summer Specials
– Florida Resident Rate – Enjoy a getaway just a few miles away from home with this Florida Resident deal! Floridians can enjoy discounts off of the best available rates. Call to reserve at 866-790-2198. Offer is subject to availability and valid Florida s\State Identification is required at check-in. This offer cannot be combined with any other offer or promotion, and is not valid for groups or other contracted rates.
– Fun in the Sun Package – This summer savings package includes, overnight accommodations, two welcome cocktails, a beach umbrella and breakfast for two adults. This offer is subject to availability and some restrictions do apply. This offer cannot be combined with any other offer or promotion, and excludes taxes, gratuities, and resort fees.
West Palm Beach Marriott
Beginning April 1, book your summer stay at West Palm Beach Marriott, where kids eat free all weekend long. Retreat to this oasis in the city, located in the heart of West Palm Beach Florida. With a resort-style pool, farm-to-fork restaurant Bistro 1001, and within less than 1 miles from CityPlace, The Kravis Center for The Performing Arts, and Clematis Street you’re just minutes from museums, unique shopping and family-friendly activities. Rates start at $209 when using code: S4B
SUMMER ATTRACTION & DINING DEALS
Discover The Palm Beaches’ Discover Pass
This family-friendly year-round pass offers savings to up to four of the most popular family attractions in the county, including Fun Depot, Lion Country Safari, Palm Beach Zoo & Conservation Society, and South Florida Science Center and Aquarium. With four different “bundle and save” options, visitors can save off admission prices from two to all four attractions. The pass is available for purchase only at palmbeachfl.com/discover-pass/, starting today.
Palm Beach County Golf Passport – May 2016 – September 2016
For just a low price of $160, Passports entitle you to one 18-hole round and one small bucket of range balls at each of the Palm Beach County Golf facilities (9-holes at John Prince Golf Learning Center). Passports may be redeemed at any time within the month range designated on the cover. Each passport comes with one “Bonus Coupon.” This bonus coupon can be used at the facility of your choosing.
Flavor Palm Beach
From Tequesta to Boca Raton, savor the flavor of more than 50 local restaurants and bistros during the entire month of September. From surf and turf to burgers and fries, Flavor Palm Beach invites you to enjoy three-course prix fixe lunch and/or dinner options for a great price. A sampling of the 2015 participating restaurants included Avocado Grill, 50 Ocean, BrickTop’s, Kitchen, Meat Market, Josef’s Kitchen, III Forks and Imoto, to name a few.
West Palm Beach Food Tour
If your family enjoys watching Food Network, they’ll love discovering delicious Downtown West Palm Beach on this walking food tour, which combines sightseeing and lunch into one delicious adventure. This summer, save 20% by using the discount code “Family.” This is a three-hour tour, so it’s not recommended for the little ones, but the big kids will be sure to eat it up.
City of West Palm Beach Events – Year-round
– Clematis By Night – A free concert series that takes place on the West Palm Beach Waterfront every Thursday night from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m.
– Screen On The Green – A free outdoor family-friendly movie screening at the West Palm Beach Waterfront every second Friday of each month from 8 p.m. to 11 p.m. Families are encourages to bring blankets, lawn chairs and snacks to enjoy as they watch classics and newer films under the stars.
– Sunday On The Waterfront – A free monthly concert series at the West Palm Beach Waterfront that takes place on every third Sunday of each month between 4 p.m. and 7 p.m. Music performances feature both national and regional artists.
Palm Beach Zoo Events – Year-round
– Every Friday night beginning June 3 through August 26, the Palm Beach Zoo will host Safari Night. With a different theme each week, this special event features a family DJ, crafts, games, giveaways and the entire zoo experience for $15.99 per adult and $9.99 per child.
– During the first Saturday of every month though the months of May to August, the Zoo will host a Roar and Pour. The fun, safe evening is full of live music, food and adult beverages featuring popular cover bands and a full zoo experience. Cost to attend is $10.00 per adult and $7.00 per child.
– Each fourth Saturday of May and third Saturday of June, July and August, the Zoo welcomes Food Truck Safari. This event features some of Palm Beach’s finest gourmet food trucks and the full zoo experience for just $10.00 per adult and $7.00 per child.
SunFest – April 27 – May 1, 2016
SunFest is Florida’s largest music, art, and waterfront festival, which is held along the scenic Flagler waterfront in West Palm Beach. As one of the most well recognized events in the southeast; SunFest presents a range of music from legends to up‐and‐comers. The Juried Fine Art and Craft Show showcases the work or more than 150 artists, including paintings, sculptures, photos and more. SunFest features 50 bands, on three stages, for five days. This year’s lineup features performances from the following:
Duran Duran, Alabama Shakes, Meghan Trainor, Train, Jason Derulo, Steve Aoki, Death Cab for Cutie, G-Eazy, Slightly Stoopid, ZZ Top, Bastille, Walk the Moon, The Roots, Fitz and The Tantrums, Capital Cities, Evanescence, Flogging Molly, Andy Grammer, Rick Springfield, Scott Bradlee’s Postmodern Jukebox, Salt-N-Pepa, Goldfinger, Shovels & Rope, Lukas Graham, Butch Trucks & The Freight Train Band, The Joy Formidable, Coleman Hell, Judah & The Lion, The Babys, LunchMoney Lewis, Watch the Duck, Saint Asonia, Drew Holcomb and The Neighbors, The Bright Light Social Hour, Devon Baldwin, Jesse Royal, Dylan LeBlanc, Bobby Lee Rodgers, Secret Weapons and Ria Mae.
4TH ON FLAGLER – July 2- 4, 2016
This three-day, free Independence Day Celebration is held each year on the July 4th weekend. The event takes place along the West Palm Beach Waterfront, and includes three stages of entertainment, kid’s activities and an 18-minute fireworks extravaganza over the Intracoastal Waterway.
The Palm Beach Shakespeare Festival – July 7-10 & July 14-17, 2016
Celebrate your love for theatre and poetry at The Palm Beach Shakespeare Festival with a live performance of Shakespeare’s “The Taming of the Shrew.” The production will take place at Seabreeze Amphitheatre in Jupiter’s Carlin Park. Bring your beach chair, blanket and picnic basket or buy local favorites at any of the numerous food truck concessions, while enjoying a show under the stars. Suggested $5 donation.
Palm Beach Summer Beer Fest – July 23, 2016
Have a thirst for beer? See what’s brewing this summer in The Palm Beaches at the Palm Beach Summer Beer Fest. Enjoy the distinct flavors of new and local brews at South Florida’s only indoor Craft Beer Fest, held at the South Florida Fairgrounds’ Expo Center. Attendees can expect live music, and more than 150 craft beers.
Craft Beer Bash – August 2016
With 120 first-rate craft beers and cider selections, this festival is bound to please. Held at PGA National Resort & Spa, attendees can enjoy live music and food purchase stations at this luxury resort.
Flavor Palm Beach – September 1-30, 2016
From Tequesta to Boca Raton, savor the flavor of more than 50 local restaurants and bistros during the month of September. Flavor Palm Beach invites you to enjoy three-course prix fixe lunch and/or dinner options for a great price. A sampling of the 2015 participating restaurants included Avocado Grill, 50 Ocean, BrickTop’s, Kitchen, Meat Market, Josef’s Kitchen, III Forks and Imoto, to name a few.
Brazilian Beat – September 2016
Samba and feast in celebration of Brazilian Independence Day. Enjoy live music, street entertainment including a Zumba showcase, Capoeira dancers, carnival dancers, drummers and authentic Brazilian food. This free event takes place in Downtown Boca Raton.
Tropical Fruit Festival – June 2016
Partake in tropical fruit samplings, demonstrations, lectures and more with the Palm Beach Chapter of the Rare Fruit Council, as you meander through the botanical gardens. This event is held at Mounts Botanical Garden. Highlights include live music, fruit tree sales, vendors and food trucks.